Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

The Eastern Hemisphere “The  Eastern Hemisphere” surveys the Eastern Hemisphere (Africa, Asia, Europe, and  Oceania). The units on geography, economic systems, and governance are not  period specific and allow teachers to examine these concepts both today and in  the past. The historic portion of the course focuses on civilizations between  8000 BCE and 600 CE. Students learn that there is great variation across the  hemisphere. Students study the multiple ways societies organize themselves,  social and scientific achievements, and the religious systems that guide and  distinguish civilizations. The comparative study of political systems in the  Eastern Hemisphere introduces students to the structure of, role of citizens  in, and protection of individual and human rights in aristocracies,  theocracies, monarchies, dictatorships, oligarchies, and democracies. A  significant portion of the course focuses on the study of ancient civilizations  and empires giving a context through which to examine the concepts of society,  economy, and governance.  As with all of our educational programs, all instruction is centered in  our Catholic Faith foundation.  In Grade  6 Social Studies, students are expected to apply ELA Core Standards of reading  and writing.                                                           In the context of all social studies instruction, students are expected  to use social studies practices which include:

  • chronological and reasoning causation – how events are related  chronologically and how they relate to earlier ideas and events and subsequent  ideas and events which in turn result in periods of history
  • comparison and contextualization – similarities and differences among  geographic regions where varying historical development affected societies,  economics and culture
  • geographic reasoning – the relationship between people, places, and the  environment and the overall effects on human activities over time
  • gathering, using and interpreting evidence-using evidence from diverse  sources and multiple perspectives to understand as well as to construct and  deconstruct arguments related to topics of social studies
  • role of individual in social and political participation-investigate ways  of participation, respectful dissent and engaging in methods of change  including written, verbal (debate) and social media              

        The content of grade six social studies  is centered around the following Common Core Domains and Key Ideas:

    Geography,  Humans, and the Environment of the Eastern Hemisphere

    • the Eastern  Hemisphere has an expansive and varied geography composed of different regions,  physical features, climate and human communities which has significantly  influenced physical mobility and human development
    • the physical  environment and natural resources promoted the first human settlements and  cultural systems
    • civilizations  are characterized by centralized governments, advanced commerce systems, and  complex social hierarchies influenced by scientific and cultural achievements  of civilizations that came before them

    Time, Continuity and Change in the Eastern Hemisphere (8000 BCE-600  CE)

    • the Neolithic  Revolution was a technological development that radically changed the nature of  human society
    • the ancient  river valley civilizations turned to agriculture, world populations grew and  they created central governments
    • classical  civilizations grew into powerful empires with advanced commerce systems, and  complex social hierarchies
    • major religions  and belief systems developed, which unified societies but also a source of  tension and conflict
    • networks of  trade connected the civilizations and promoted interregional trade, cultural  exchanges and empire expansion

    Power, Authority, and Governance in the Eastern Hemisphere

    • as civilization  patterns changed, new forms of political order were created to meet the complex  needs of societies
    • different roles  of citizenship and individual rights and responsibilities are defined by  different governing systems
    • the nations of  the Eastern Hemisphere participate in and benefit from international  organizations that promote peace, cooperation, economic development, global  health and cultural understanding

    Creation, Expansion, and Interaction of Economic Systems in  the Eastern Hemisphere

    • types and  availability of natural resources shape economic systems and play a strong role  in determining the nation’s strength
    • the study of  urban and suburban communities reveal   difference in ways of living and regional differences in types of urban  and suburban areas
    • the values of  Eastern Hemisphere nations are embodied in their constitutions, statutes, and  important court cases
    • in modern  political states, formalized governmental structures play a major role in maintaining  social order and control
    • the extent to  which human rights are protected becomes a key issue in totalitarian societies
    • international  organizations were formed to promote peace, economic development, and cultural  understanding
    • The United  Nations was created to prevent war and to fight hunger, disease, and ignorance