Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

The United States and New York History I Part  I of “The United States and New York History” encompasses the settlement of the  Americas through Reconstruction in 1877. The course is divided into four  sections that each pay attention to the movement and culture of people, the  changing politics and access to citizenship, the interaction of people with  their environment, and the forms of production that distinguish regions and  types of communities throughout United States history. The course begins with a  study of the interaction of Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans in North  America and the (positive and negative) impacts the groups had on one another  and the formation of a new country. The course gives detailed attention to the  American Revolution, the philosophies underlying it, and the resulting form of  government that organized people in and defined the United States. A section on  Expansion and Reform spans 1800 to 1861 and examines how and why the United  States expanded, the effects of expansion on Native Americans, and the origins  of a sectional divide based on culture, economy, and politics. The course  concludes with a study of the Civil War that divided the nation and the era of  Reconstruction that reunified the nation. Teachers are encouraged to develop and explore the 11 units of  study within a two-year time frame. As  with all of our educational programs, all instruction is centered in our  Catholic Faith foundation.In Grade 7 Social Studies,  students are expected to apply ELA Core Standards of reading and writing.

In the context of all social studies instruction, students are expected  to use social studies practices which include:

  • chronological and reasoning causation – how events are related  chronologically and how they relate to earlier ideas and events and subsequent  ideas and events which in turn result in periods of history
  • comparison and contextualization – similarities and differences among  geographic regions where varying historical development affected societies,  economics and culture
  • geographic reasoning – the relationship between people, places, and the environment  and the overall effects on human activities over time
  • gathering, using and interpreting evidence-using evidence from diverse  sources and multiple perspectives to understand as well as to construct and  deconstruct arguments related to topics of social studies
  • role of individual in social and political participation-investigate ways  of participation, respectful dissent and engaging in methods of change  including written, verbal (debate) and social media

War for Independence and Formation of a  New Nation

  • growing  tension over political power and economic issues  led to seeking independence from Britain and  the Declaration of Independence
  • the  course and outcome of the American Revolution was defined by leaders, strategic  battles, and military and economic alliances
  • the  fundamental democratic principles of the U.S. Constitution reflected the evolving  needs of the nation
  • concept  of federalism led to advocates for state and federal rights and played a role  in defining the new government with its branches and its role in the new nation

Expansion and Reform (1800-1861)

  • guided  by political and economic needs, the physical boundaries expanded to the  Pacific Ocean
  • technological  innovation led to industrialization and growth in production and trade
  • strength  of federal government increased sparking tensions with advocates of states’  rights
  • unequal  and oppressive social structures led to resistance efforts by slaves and  movements to address inequalities
  • economic,  political, and social changes brought about by the American Revolution

Sectionalism, Division, and Reunion  (1850s-1877)

  • westward  movement, growing industrialization, and expansion of slavery increased  sectional divisions
  • complex  economic, social, and political tensions between North and South led to the Civil  War
  • regional tensions  following the Civil War complicated the efforts to reunify the nation