Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

Local History and Local Government “Local History and Local  Government” applies the course of study to the Empire State. Students begin the  course with a study of the symbols that identify New York, as well as the  diverse population of the state that has made significant contributions to the  country and world. The geography section introduces students to the regions in  the state and the human and physical geographies that define these regions.  Students also look at unique alterations people have made to their landscape  and state parks that preserve landscapes. Students learn about similarities and  differences between the United States government and their New York State  government, including the different roles citizens play in these two scales of  governance. The course focuses on the unique technological innovations that  have strengthened the state and its role in the global economy. The history section  in the course takes students back to a time where there were no Europeans and  only Native Americans living in the state. Through the course, students learn  about how Europeans shaped where and how Native Americans lived, as well as how  Europeans made claims and were shaped by their settlement in the state. The  subsequent chronological study focuses on British colonization, the American  Revolution, New York’s role in founding the United States, the changing racial  profile of the state, and the new economic opportunities that have made New  York State a global financial and production center. As with all of our educational programs, all instruction is centered in  our Catholic faith foundation.

In the context of all social studies instruction, students are expected  to use social studies practices which include:

  • chronological and reasoning causation – how events are related  chronologically and how they relate to earlier ideas and events and subsequent  ideas and events which in turn result in periods of history
  • comparison and contextualization – similarities and differences among  geographic regions where varying historical development affected societies,  economics and culture
  • geographic reasoning – the relationship between people, places, and the  environment and the overall effects on human activities over time
  • gathering, using and interpreting evidence – using evidence from diverse  sources and multiple perspectives to understand as well as to construct and  deconstruct arguments related to topics of social studies
  • role of the individual in social and political participation-investigate  ways of participation, respectful dissent and engaging in methods of change  including written, verbal (debate) and social media

The content of Grade Four Social Studies  is centered around the following Common Core Domains and Key Ideas:

The Empire  State Identity

  • there are many landmarks, symbols, and icons that reflect the identity of  the State of New York
  • New Yorkers have made political, cultural, social, scientific, and  economic contributions

The Geography of the United States and New York

  • the U.S. has extensive, diverse and unique geography comprised of  different regions, physical features, climates, and human communities
  • the geography  and natural  resources of New York affect where and how people live

History of the United States and New York

  • Native American groups, chiefly Iroquois and Algonquin, inhabited New  York in the early period of its history
  • the movement of Europeans and enslaved Africans into NYS led to conflicts  and cultural interactions with the Native Americans
  • under British rule, New York was a politically, economically, and  socially influential colony
  • the American Revolution resulted from growing conflicts with Great  Britain over issues of political and economic self-rule and beliefs about  natural rights and the purpose of government
  • the foundation for the new U.S. government and the principles guiding the  American democratic system are found in the Declaration of Independence and the  constitution of  New York State and the  United States
  • each century, including the 21st, has brought new political,  social, and economic challenges and opportunities

Governance and Citizenship in New York

  • systems of government exist at the local, county, state and federal level  to create and enforce laws, to protect the people and general interests of the  community, state, and nation
  • there are many formal and informal ways for citizens to have an impact on  their community, state and nation

New York Economy Contributes to the Country and World

  • technological innovations in the state have sparked economic growth
  • New York provides important economic goods and services to its citizens  as well as the U.S. and world