Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

The Social Studies Program of the schools of the Diocese of Ogdensburg is  based on the National Common Core Standard.   As with all of our educational programs, all instruction is centered in  our Catholic Faith foundation. In grade 5 social studies is a study of the  Western Hemisphere-United States, Canada and Latin America. It introduces  students to the complex relationships between people and their environment and  how each shapes the other. History begins with the settlement of Native  American through the expansion and development of the 21st century  and how these historic eras and events changed Native Americans and the  American landscape.  Government teaches  the different types of political systems that maintain order in these  nation-states and the role of citizens.   In economics, students learn ways nation-states respond to scarce  resources, the distribution of production and transportation and the economic  interaction of nations within the Western Hemisphere.

In the context of all social studies instruction, students are expected  to use social studies practices which include:

  • chronological and reasoning causation – how events are related  chronologically and how they relate to earlier ideas and events and subsequent  ideas and events which in turn result in periods of history
  • comparison and contextualization – similarities and differences among  geographic regions where varying historical development affected societies,  economics and culture
  • geographic reasoning – the relationship between people, places, and the  environment and the overall effects on human activities over time
  • gathering, using and interpreting evidence – using evidence from diverse  sources and multiple perspectives to understand as well as to construct and  deconstruct arguments related to topics of social studies
  • role of individual in social and political participation-investigate ways  of participation, respectful dissent and engaging in methods of change  including written, verbal (debate) and social media

The content of Grade Five Social Studies  is centered around the following Common Core Domains and Key Ideas:

Geography, Humans and the Environment  of the Western Hemisphere

  • Western Hemisphere comprised of North  and South America, has varied geography, comprised of different regions,  physical features, climates, and human communities
  • physical environment and natural  resources encouraged development of the first human settlements and cultural  systems by Native Americans
  • Over time, different ethnic,  religious, and national groups, including Native Americans, have contributed to  the cultural diversity by sharing customs, beliefs, ideas, and languages

Time, Continuity,  and Change in the Western Hemisphere

  • major social, political, economic,  and cultural shifts in Europe resulted in the Age of Exploration in the  Americas
  • across time and place, people have  held differing beliefs regarding power, authority, governance and law resulting  in periods of colonial rule, revolutions and state building
  • forces of expansion and migration  have affected nations and cultures resulting in population shifts, urban  centers, displacement of native cultures and conflicts

Power, Authority,  and Governance in the Western Hemisphere

  • different political systems have  developed which maintain order, provide security and protect individual rights
  • role of citizenship and individual  rights are defined in different constitutions and governing systems
  • different cultural groups have  struggled and fought for civil rights using different means, and the sources of  power and authority have responded to issues of justice and inequality
  • increasing benefits have come from  international organization that promote peace, cooperation, global health and  development

Creation, Expansion,  and Interaction of Economic Systems in the Western Hemisphere

  • types and availability of natural  resources shape the economic system and determine the strength  among nations
  • economic systems shift and transform  over time
  • economic systems are increasingly  independent