Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

The United States and New York History II Part  II of “The United States and New York History” encompasses Industrialism in the  1870s through the role of the United States in a global economy today. The  course begins with a section on industrialism and the progressive reforms that  stemmed from the inequity and unfair conditions that arose with  industrialization and urbanization. This section studies the claim of rights by  women, children, labor unions, and immigrants. The next section examines  America’s imperialism, isolationism, and intervention at the turn of the 20th  century, leading up to the entrance of the U.S. into World War I. A third  section uses a sociological lens to study life in the United States between the  two world wars. A section surrounding World War II highlights the changing role  of the United States in international affairs and accompanying economic and  social changes at home. The Cold War section studies in depth the international  political and economic issues that divided the world between 1945 and 1990 and  the social and scientific impacts of this “war” on the lives and education of  ordinary Americans. The last section examines the geographic, political,  social, and economic issues that affect the lives of Americans at home and  abroad in the 21st century. As with all of our educational programs, all  instruction is centered in our Catholic Faith foundation.  In Grade 8 Social Studies, students are  expected to apply ELA Core Standards of reading and writing.

In the context of all social studies instruction, students are expected  to use social studies practices which include:

  • chronological and reasoning causation – how events are related  chronologically and how they relate to earlier ideas and events and subsequent  ideas and events which in turn result in periods of history
  • comparison and contextualization – similarities and differences among  geographic regions where varying historical development affected societies,  economics and culture
  • geographic reasoning – the relationship between people, places, and the  environment and the overall effects on human activities over time
  • gathering, using and interpreting evidence-using evidence from diverse  sources and multiple perspectives to understand as well as to construct and  deconstruct arguments related to topics of social studies
  • role of individual in social and political participation-investigate ways  of participation, respectful dissent and engaging in methods of change  including written, verbal (debate) and social media

The content of grade eight social  studies is centered around the following Common Core Domains and Key Ideas:

Industrial  Society and Progressive Reforms (1870-1920)

  • the Industrial  Revolution had many consequences including urbanization, larger labor force,  and new businesses
  • new  technologies and opportunities led a migration in to claimed Western lands
  • urban problems  resulting from industrialization spared Progressive movement and calls for  reform and equality

America on the  World Stage:  Imperialism, Isolationism,  and Intervention (1890-1918)

  • in the 19th  century there was a growing support for a more aggressive foreign policy
  • diplomatic,  economic, and ideological factors led U.S. to abandon neutrality and enter  World War I

Life in the United  States Between Wars

  • postwar  reactions generated cultural conflict and change in the 1920s
  • postwar America  was characterized by economic prosperity, technological innovation, changes in  the workplace, and a rising standard of living but not all benefited equally
  • the Great  Depression  and environmental disasters  of the 1930’s created hardships resulting in a more powerful government that  had lasting impacts socially, economically, and politically

The United States Assumes Worldwide Responsibilities  (1930’s-1950)

  • the aggression  of the Axis Powers threatened U.S. interest and led to entry into World War II
  • the damage from  total warfare and human atrocities, including the Holocaust, led to a call for  international organization and the protection of human rights

The Cold War  and the Changing Global Role of the United States (1945-1991)

  • the Cold War struggle between U.S. and the Soviet Union  dominated international military policy, global conflicts, technological  advances, and global alliances for almost 4 decades
  • domestic policies in U.S. reflected and responded to  international tensions of the Cold War
  • an extensive civil rights movement in the 1950s transformed  African American rights in the 1960s and led to renewed efforts by women and other  groups
  • the last decades of the 20th century were a time  of tension between a conservative movement and the expansion of social policy

The United States at the Start of the  21st Century

  • the end of the  20th century started with a major expansion of federal social  programs sparking national debate
  • the U.S. faced  global and domestic challenges, including terrorism, increased economic  interdependence and growing environment concerns